Scope of Research
The Smart Biomaterials Research Laboratory studies how biomaterials interact with the body, and it develops smart materials that enhance the treatment and diagnosis of diseases and injuries. Working at the intersection of advanced materials, microbiology, medicine and sensors, the lab is developing smart materials that provide:
- antibacterial and antifungal effects;
- biodegradable, dose-controlled drug delivery via oral appliances;
- tissue regeneration and remineralization; and
- oral biosensors.
Research efforts on smart materials are also focused on shifting the oral microbiome toward balanced states that prevent infection and disease. Technology being developed at the lab include oral biosensors and smart brackets used in orthodontics. Researchers have expertise in
- 3D printing,
- confocal microscopy,
- fabrication of advanced materials,
- sensing and electronics, and
- testing and evaluation.
The 1,000-square-foot Smart Biomaterials Research Laboratory is fully equipped for the fabrication, testing and evaluation of smart biomaterials in realistic body conditions. The facility is outfitted with several pieces of major equipment that include 3D printers, oscilloscopes, an incubator, a microindenter and a bioreactor hooked to a mastication machine. There is also equipment designed to test various types of materials, such as biological tissues, ceramics, implants, polymers and resins.
Researchers have access to resources at the College of Engineering, the Lewis Katz School of Medicine and the Fox Chase Cancer Center. The lab is engaged in active collaboration with the Oral Microbiome Research Laboratory to test novel dental smart biomaterials exposed to multispecies biofilm.
NIH-NIDCR – 1R21DE030564
Role: PI (Orrego)
Effects of piezoelectric charges on oral microbiome modulation: These funds were awarded to support the understanding of how bioactive biomaterials modulate the oral microbiome. In this work, we are evaluating the performance of piezoelectric composites and revealing changes of the oral microbiome. We expect the technology improve the clinical service of dental restorations.
Science Center – QED Program
Role: PI (Orrego)
Development of multifunctional hydrogel with combined anti-infective and hard tissue regeneration properties: These funds were awarded to support the development of a light-curable hydrogel that exhibit combined antibacterial and tissue regeneration effects for periodontal disease treatment. In this proposal, we are evaluating the performance of the hydrogel in-vivo using mice ligature models.
Office of the Provost at Temple University
Role: PI (Orrego)
Strategic funds were obtained to build on current investments and speed up the development of the Smart Biomaterials Research Program. Funds are allotted to the acquisition of new infrastructure for the laboratory and support salary for a research technician. The equipment will provide the university with unique capabilities to design and evaluate smart biomaterials under simulated oral environments.
Montoya, C., Jain, A., Londoño, JJ., Correa, S., Lelkes, PI., Sampaio de Melo, MA., Orrego, S. (2021). Multifunctional dental composite with piezoelectric nano-fillers for combined antibacterial and mineralization effects. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, In-Press. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c06331
Yang, M., Chaghtai, A., Melendez, M., Hasson, H., Whitaker, E., Badi, M., Sperrazza, L., Godel, J., Yesilsoy, C., Tellez, M., Orrego, S., Montoya, C., Ismail, A. (2021). Mitigating saliva aerosol contamination in a dental school clinic. BMC Oral Health, 21(1), pp.1-8. doi:10.1186/s12903-021-01417-2
Du, Y., Montoya, C., Orrego, S., Wei, X., Ling, J., Lelkes, P. I., & Yang, M. (2019). Topographic cues of a novel bilayered scaffold modulate dental pulp stem cells differentiation by regulating YAP signaling through cytoskeleton adjustments. Cell Proliferation, e12676. doi:10.1111/cpr.12676
Orrego, S., Xu, H.H., Arola, D.D. (2017). Degradation in the fatigue crack growth resistance of human dentin by lactic acid. Materials Science and Engineering-C, 73, 716-725. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2016.12.065
Melo, M.A., Orrego, S., Weir, M.D., Xu, H.H., Arola, D.D. (2016). Designing multiagent dental materials for enhanced resistance to biofilm damage at the bonded interface. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 8(18), 11779–11787. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b01923
Orrego, S., Melo, M.A., Lee, S.H., Xu, H.H., Arola, D.D. (2016). Fatigue of human dentin by cyclic loading and during oral biofilm challenge. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 105, 1978–1985. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.33729
Orrego, S., Romberg, E., Arola, D.D (2015). Synergistic degradation of dentin by cyclic stress and buffer agitation. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 44, 121–132. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.01.006
Montoya, C., Du, Y., Gianforcaro, AL., Orrego, S.. Yang, M., Lelkes, PI. (2021). On the road to smart biomaterials for bone research: definitions, concepts, advances, and outlook. Bone Research, 9 (1), 1-16. doi:10.1038/s41413-020-00131-z
Orrego, S., Chen, Z., P., Krekora, U., Hou, D., Jeon, SY., Pittman, M., Montoya, C., Chen, Y., Kang, SH. (2020). Bioinspired materials with self-adaptable mechanical properties. Advanced Materials, 32 (21), 1906970. doi:10.1002/adma.201906970